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  • Important Mountain Passes of India for UPSC

    Important Mountain Passes of India

    Mountain passes in India UPSC/Important passes in India UPSC/Important passes in India for UPSC

    Mountain pass is a connectivity route through the mountain run. It is a gateway to connect different parts of the country, and also with neighboring countries for different purpose
    Important Passes
    Map: Important Passes in India | Image source: pmfias.com

    Nathu La Pass: Sikkim

    It is located in the state of Sikkim. This famous pass is located in the India- China border was reopened in 2006. It forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient silk route. It is one of the trading border posts between India and China. Important Mountain Passes

    Shipki La Pass: Himachal Pradesh –Tibet

    It is located through Sutlej Gorge. It connects Himachal Pradesh with Tibet. It is India’s third border post for trade with China after Lipu Lekh and Nathula Pass.

    Jelep La Pass: Sikkim-Lhasa

    This pass passes through the Chumbi valley. It connects Sikkim with Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.

    Qara Tagh Pass

    It is located in the Karakoram Mountains. It was a subsidiary of the ancient silk route.

    Khardung La: Leh- Siachin Glacier

    It is the highest motorable pass in the country. It connects Leh and Siachen glacier. This pass remains closed during the winter.

    Thang La

    It is located in Ladakh. It is the second highest motorable mountain pass in India.

    Aghil Pass: Ladakh- Xinjiang

    It is situated to the North of Mount Godwin-Austen in the Karakoram. It connects Ladakh with the Xinjiang province of China. It remains closed during the winter season from November to May. Important Mountain Passes

    Chang-La: Ladakh- Tibet
    It is a high mountain pass in the Greater Himalayas. It connects Ladakh with Tibet.

    Lanak La: Ladakh-Lhasa

    This is located in the Aksai Chin in the Ladakh region. It connects Ladakh and Lhasa. The Chinese authority has built a road to join Xinjiang with Tibet.

    Imis La: Ladakh- Tibet

    The pass has a difficult geographical terrain and steep slopes. This pass remains closed during the winter season.

    Bara-La: Himachal Pradesh- Leh-Ladakh

    It is situated on the National Highway in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It connects Manali and Leh.

    Traill’s Pass

    It is located in Uttarakhand. It is situated at the end of the Pindari glacier and connects the Pinadri valley to Milam valley. This pass is very steep and rugged.

    Lipu Lekh: Uttarakhand-Tibet

    It is located in Uttarakhand. It connects Uttarakhand with Tibet. This pass is an important border post for the trade with china. The pilgrims for Manasarovar travels through this pass.

    Mana Pass: Uttarakhand-Tibet

    It is located in the Greater Himalayas and connects Tibet with Uttarakhand. It remains under snow for six months during winter.

    Mangsha Dhura Pass: Uttarakhand-Tibet

    The pass which connects Uttarakhand-Tibet is known for landslides. The pilgrims for Manasarovar cross this route.

    Muling La: Uttarakhand-Tibet

    This seasonal pass connects Uttarakhand with Tibet remains snow covered during winter season

    Niti Pass

    This pass joins Uttarakhand with Tibet. This also remains snow covered during the winter season.

    Debsa Pass: Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley

    It joins Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley. It is a high mountain pass in between the Kullu and Spiti of Himachal Pradesh. It is a bypass route of Pin-Parvati Pass.

    Rohtang Pass: Kullu-Lahul-Spiti

    This located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It has excellent road transportation. This pass connects Kullu, Spiti, and Lahul.

    Bomdi-La: Arunachal Pradesh-Lhasa

    The Bomdi-La pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. It is located in the east of Bhutan.

    Dihang pass: Arunachal Pradesh- Mandalay

    It is located in the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connect Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar (Mandalay)

    Diphu pass: Arunachal Pradesh- Mandalay

    The Diphu pass also provides easy and an alternate route to Myanmar. This pass remains open throughout the year for the transportation and trade.

    Likhapani: Arunachal Pradesh- Myanmar

    It located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass remains open throughout a year for transport and trade. This connects Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar.

    Pangsan Pass

    It is located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.

    Banihal Pass (Jawahar Tunnel): Banihal with Qazigund

    Banihal pass is a popular pass in Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in Pir- Panjal Range. It connects Banihal with Qazigund.
    Geography Syllabus and Strategies for IAS Prelims Examination

    Banihal Zoji La: Srinagar- Kargil & Leh

    It connects Srinagar with Kargil and Leh. Beacon Force of Border Road Organization is responsible for clearing and maintaining the road, especially during winter.

    Burzail pass: Srinagar- Kishan Ganga Valley

    This pass joins the Valley of Kashmir with the Deosai Plains of Ladakh.

    Pensi La

    The Pensi La connects the Kashmir valley with Kargil. It is situated in the Greater Himalayas.

    Pir-Panjal Pass

    It is a traditional pass from Jammu to Srinagar. This pass was closed after the partition. It provides shortest roadway access to Kashmir valley from Jammu.

    Shencotta Gap: Madurai-Kottayam

    It is located in the Western Ghats. It joins the Madurai city in Tamil Nadu with Kottayam district in Kerala.


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