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  • Vijayanagar Empire - Short Notes for UPSC


    §  Prominent languages → Kannada, Telegu, Sanskrit

    §  Consist of four major dynasties viz.

    §  Sangam Dynasty

    §  Saluva Dynasty

    §  Tulva Dynasty

    §  Aravidu Dynasty

    Image Source: historyofindia.com

    Sangam Dynasty


    §  Founded by Harihara & Bukka

    §  Greatest Ruler Devaraya 2 →  Srirangam Copper Plate inscription ascribed to him

     Read | Important Sites of Indus Valley Civilization for UPSC Prelims


    Saluva Dynasty


    §  Founded by Saluva Narsimha


     Read | Bahmani Kingdom Of Deccan UPSC

     Read | Kakatiya Dynasty: Society, Economy, Polity and Culture

      

    Tulva Dynasty


    §  Founded by Vir Narsimha

    §  Greatest Ruler Krishanadeva Raya

    §  Friendly with Portuguese

    §  Known as Andhra Bhoja

    §  Patronized 8 eminent scholars in his court (Astadiggaja)

    §  Greatest of them was Peddana (Also known as Andhra Kavita Pitamah)

     

    Literature


    §  Pedanna wrote Manucharitam, Harikatha saram (both in Telegu)

    §  Krishanadeva Raya wrote : Amukhamaldaya (Telegu), Jambavti kalyanam + Ushaparinayam (Sanskrit)


         Read | Sangam Age: Literature to Political &Socio-Economic History


    Architecture by Krishanadeva Raya


    §  Vitthalswami & Hazara ramswami temple @ vijayanagar @ Hamphi

    §  Built city Nagalapuram in memory of her queen Nagaladevi


     

    Points of Prominence (Vijayanagar Empire)


    §  Sangam Dynasty →  Saivite with Chief Deity – Virupaksha

    §  Other Dynasties  →  Vaisnavite (Saluva, Tuluva & Aravidu) mainly follower of Ramanujam

    §  Tolerant towards other religions →  Borbosa referred to Religious freedom to everyone

    §  Madurvijayam →  Written by Ganagadevi for Kumarkampana’s expedition of Madurai

    §  Abdul Razzak (Persian traveler) gave an account of Vijayanagar Empire

     

    Vijaynagar empire was divided in to Mandalams (Headed by Mandaleshwara / nayaks), which was further divided into Nadus, which was further divided into Sthalas & finally into Gramas

    Empire —- Mandalams —– Nadus —– Sthalas —– Grama


    §  Land revenue was 1/6th of the produce

    §  Gold coin → Varaha

    §  Port →  Connanore (Malabar Coast)

     

    Foreign Travelers


    §  Ibn Batuta           →  Moroccan

    §  Nicolo-de-Conti  →  Venetian

    §  Abdul Razzak     →  Persian

    §  Domingos Paes   →  Portuguese

     

    Temple Building Style of Vijayanagar Empire


    §  Vesara style of temple architecture  Tall gopurams with large kalyanmandapam along with pillars

    §  Example →  Vradhraja & Ekam Parantha temple @ Kanchipuram


    §  Famous Elephant chariot architecture belongs to Hampi Ruins


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